Constitution of Mind

By: Vincent Keny

Vedanta means the end of the Veda (the end of
knowledge). It relies on Indian scriptures such as the
Upanishads and Brahma Sutras to make its case for the
non-duality of existence. The case is philosophically
sound, if not easily realized outright by the average
student. Vedanta also relies on the Bhagavad Gita to
support its assertion that existence is non-dual in its
nature, and therefore the world will be recognized
as unreal even when we are fully engaged in worldly
activities. Fair enough.
Interestingly, the system and philosophy of spiritual
development known as Yoga finds validation in these
same ancient scriptures, even though Yoga is often
regarded as a dual rather than non-dual approach.
Yoga also subscribes to and has its origin in the Yoga
Sutras of Patanjali, which prescribe a range of practices
designed to bring about the very condition of nonduality
(oneness) held by Vedanta as the ultimate Truth.
The remaining systems of Indian philosophy and
spiritual development are equally split with regard to
being considered dual or non-dual in their approach.
There are six systems in all, give or take, depending
on who is doing the counting. All of these systems
recognize the unified nature of existence, just as high school quantum physics does nowadays.
This raises a question: if all the systems recognize the non-dual nature of existence, then which one is the right one in its approach?

 

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